Canadian Kennel Club
SHIBA INU STANDARD
ORIGIN & PURPOSE
The Shiba was developed in Japan, and is the smallest
of the native Japanese breeds. Developed as a hunting dog
for boar, rabbit, grouse and other small game in dense undergrowth,
the Shiba needed strength, agility and a coarse thick coat,
as well as courage and tenacity. While still retaining these
hunting skills, the Shiba is now primarily an excellent companion.
The Shiba is a small dog of Spitz type, just off-square,
well balanced and muscular, with erect ears, dark slanted
eyes, tapered muzzle, and coarse standoff coat. Males and
females display both strength and elegance, neither coarse
nor fine, while retaining obvious differences. The overall
impression conveys a spirited boldness, good nature, alertness
Spirited boldness, good nature, and independence characterize
the Shiba temperament. Extremely lively and fun-loving with
their families. While sometimes aloof with strangers, aggression
to humans or extreme shyness to be severely penalized. Shibas
may not tolerate other dogs' intrusions, and will display
aggression if challenged.
Height: Dogs 39.5 cm (15 1/2"), bitches 36.5 cm (14
1/2"). There is a tolerance of 1.5 cm (5/8") shorter
COAT & COLOUR
Double-coated, with the outer coat harsh and straight,
and undercoat soft and dense. Guard hair approximately 1"
on body, 1 1/2-2" on withers. Hair on tail slightly longer
and forms a bristle, not a plume.
Colour: Red, Sesame, Black and Tan. These are the only acceptable
colours, and are to be given equal consideration. Colour is
clear and intense, with undercoat of cream, buff or gray.
"Urajiro" (creamy white ventral colour) is required
on all three allowed colours, in these areas: side of muzzle,
cheeks, inside ears, on underjaw and upper throat, inside
of legs, on abdomen, around vent, ventral side of tail. Cream
does not extend over nasal bridge. Cream spots above eyes,
on tip of tail, and on forechest permitted but not required.
White markings known as socks permitted but not desirable.
Spots of colour in the urajiro are highly undesirable. "Reverse
mask" (all cream/white face) is a fault.
Red: light red to deep orange red.
Sesame: red with black tipped hairs scattered evenly on body
and sometimes head, with no concentration in any one area.
A widow's peak may be seen on the forehead, leaving the bridge
and muzzle red.
Black and Tan: Black has rusty cast, not blue, and extends
over the entire dog. Clearly defined tan markings located
over the eye, sides of muzzle, "bowtie" pattern
on forechest, outside of forelegs from carpus to toes, outside
of hindlegs from stifle down to toes, leaving black on rear
of pasterns. Black pencilling on toes permitted. Tan may be
found inside of ears and underside of tail.
Skull: broad and flat with slight furrow, cheek muscles
well developed, and stop moderate. Muzzle: full and round,
tapering slightly to black nose, being 40% of total head length.
The nasal bridge straight, lower jaw strong. The lips tight
and black. Teeth: large, strong with scissors bite and full
dentition. Missing teeth to be faulted (note that premolars
are the most often missing), with five or more missing a disqualification.
Eyes: small, triangular, set well apart and oblique (slanting
up at outside corner). Dark brown in colour, with black eyerims.
Ears: small, thick, triangular, well-furred, inclining forward
and firmly pricked.
Thick and muscular, blends into shoulders. No dewlap.
The shoulders moderately sloping, well developed. The
elbows set close to body, and forearms straight. The pasterns
slightly inclining. Feet are catlike with well-arched toes
fitting tightly together and thick pads. The nails hard and
darker colour desirable. Front dewclaws may be removed.
Body is tight-skinned and well muscled. Height to length
ratio of 10 to 11, measured from withers to ground, and point
of shoulder to point of buttock. Bitches may be slightly longer.
Chest depth from withers to elbow one-half or slightly less
of total height. The chest deep, ribs moderately sprung. Back
straight and short, the loins broad and muscular, the abdomen
firm and well tucked-up.
The upper thighs long, and lower thighs short and well
developed, with a wide natural stance. Angulation in balance
with the forequarters. The hock joint strong. No dewclaws.
Feet as in front.
Strong thick root, set high, carried in a loose curl or
curved as a sickle over back. The tip nearly reaching hocks
when let down
Light, quick and elastic. Forward reach and rear drive
are moderate. Viewed from the front or rear, there is a tendency
to single track. Topline remains level and firm.
Light eye colour.
Level or extremely overshot bite.
1 to 4 missing teeth.
Under or over height.
Coat colours other than described.
Ears not pricked.
Tail not carried over back.
5 or more missing teeth.
Effective January 1, 2006